Mould: Effects on your home, health and immune system. How to Prevent it?
What is Mould?
Fungi that grow in the form of multicellular thread-like structures called hyphae is usually referred to as mould. Some mould and yeasts cause diseases or food spoilage whereas other play a major role in the biodegradation of food, enzymes and beverages.
What does Mould look like?
Mould is not always easy to recognise. It often appears to be a stain, smudge or discolouration and at times looks like fuzz. The most common moulds are black, green or white. However, mould can be many other colours, ranging from grey to orange to brown.
Where does Mould Grow?
Mould is generally caused by excess moisture, it could be using excess water to clean your carpets and upholstery or a hidden water leak and excess humidity. Mould can be found on your walls, floors, appliances, carpets, furniture and tiles. Bathrooms, Kitchens, Laundry Rooms are highly susceptible to mould growth due to high humidity levels.
Effects of Mould on your Health?
Exposure to damp and mouldy environments may cause a variety of health effects or none at all. Some people are sensitive to moulds. Mould associated with damp buildings can trigger nasal congestion, sneezing, cough, wheeze, respiratory infections and worsen asthma and allergic conditions.
Some of the other serious health effects include those with:
-Weakened immune systems
-Chronic, obstructive, or allergic lung diseases.
Some extreme effects of Mould illness such as autoimmune dysfunctions, paralysis and lung disease.
Tips to prevent mould growth at home:
- Keep humidity levels as low as you can.
- Use an air conditioner during warm months to reduce humidity levels within your home.
- Ensure your home has proper and sufficient ventilation. Use exhaust fans which vent outside your home in the kitchen and bathroom.
- Make sure your clothes dryer vents outside your home.
- Detect and fix any leaks in your roof’s walls and plumbing.
- Call flood water extraction professionals to clean and dry your home thoroughly and quickly (within 24–48 hours) after flooding.
- Add mould inhibitors to paints before painting your walls.
- Clean bathrooms, laundry rooms and kitchens with mould-killing products.
- Remove or replace carpets and upholstery that have been soaked and cannot be dried promptly.
- Call carpet cleaning and upholstery cleaning regularly to restore and keep your carpets and upholstery free of mould.
- Consider not using carpet in rooms or areas like bathrooms or basements that may have a lot of moisture.
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